Finding the perfect home takes time, sometimes lots of work and careful planning.

Here are a few tips to make the process easier and less stressful.

1. Consider your requirements before beginning your search

Location

Where you live has an impact on your lifestyle and it’s also one of the most significant factors affecting the value of your home. Choice of location may be limited by the price you can afford, but it is still important to consider factors such as commute to work, schools, family, shopping and entertainment.

Budget

How much can you spend, and just as importantly, how much do you want to spend? Purchasing a home includes numerous additional expenses above and beyond the list price.

Features

Is it important for you to have an ensuite bathroom, an attached garage or a private backyard? Would you like a fireplace, a short commute, or maybe minimal work? Once you decide which features you would like, then it’s time to prioritize the list.

Type of Home

Think about what type of property you would like to live in. A single-family detached home is desirable to many because it typically provides more living space and land. Alternatively, a condominium may be a more appropriate choice, since condos offer low-maintenance living. It is important to determine what type of home best suits your budget and desired lifestyle.

2. Searching for a home

Your real estate agent can help by using a variety of tools to locate properties that meet your requirements. One such tool is the local MLS® (Multiple Listing Service®) System. MLS can be searched for listings that best match your requirements such as location and budget.

Equally, and sometimes more, important can be your agent's knowledge of the local market.

3. Viewing properties

When you visit a property, keep your requirements in mind, i.e. does it have all the features you want? Does the location work for your lifestyle?

Also keep technical considerations in mind, such as: wiring, power outlets, heating, foundation and roof maintenance, windows, plumbing etc. Home inspections can provide an assessment of the technical aspects of a property and it is a good idea to have a professional inspection performed.

4. Making an offer

When you find a property that you would like to buy, your agent can put together an offer. The offer will include, the price you are willing to pay, expiration of the offer, a closing date for the purchase of the home and conditions for the purchase. Some commonly included conditions are:

  • Financing, which states you will be able to get a mortgage.
  • Selling your current home.
  • Survey provided by the seller that shows there are no encroachments on the property;
  • Title of the property being owned by the seller (your lawyer will confirm via a title search).
  • Home inspection by a qualified engineer or home inspector; and
  • Inclusion and exclusion of any appliances and other items - basically, what stays and what goes.

A deposit is given along with an offer. A deposit of appropriate value will show your good faith to the seller.

5. Acceptance of an offer

Once an offer is accepted and all conditions are met, then the offer becomes binding on both sides. If either party then does not honour the agreement, they can be sued or the deposit lost; be sure that you fully understand and agree with all the terms of the offer.

Before the property can formally be handed over from the seller to the buyer, a few more things must be done. You will have to show proof of insurance to the institution that provided your mortgage.

On or before closing day, the lawyers from both sides will arrange to transfer the property title from the seller to the buyer. The mortgage will be transferred to your lawyer's trust account, and then to the seller. Your lawyer will bill you all additional expenses such as land transfer taxes or outstanding legal fees. Also be sure to check with your lawyer that everything is as stated in the offer-to-purchase.

Once this is complete and the keys are in your hands, then the home is yours!

6. Additional costs

Purchasing a home is associated with some extra expenses, such as:

  • Legal fees
  • Real estate agent fees
  • Appraisal fee
  • Survey costs (if the seller didn’t have a current survey)
  • A high-ratio mortgage insurance premium
  • Reimbursement to seller for the unused portion of any prepaid property taxes or utility bills
  • Land transfer tax for Toronto and Ontario
  • Mortgage broker's fee
  • Moving expenses

Buying selling investing